5 fire prevention and fighting measures to protect your company
Preventive measures against fires are those that must be adopted in all buildings with the aim of preventing the existence of fire and its spread. In this way, it is possible to protect life, property and the environment, putting into practice the fire prevention and fighting project.
When it comes to preventing accidents and increasing safety, preventing and fighting fires should be one of the priority measures of any company. With this, the organization prevents human carelessness, equipment failures or gas leaks, for example, from causing tragedies with victims.
What is fire?
Before talking about how to avoid it, you need to understand what a fire is.
Fire is an occurrence of intense and uncontrolled fire with the potential to cause damage and harm to life, buildings, equipment, materials, the environment, among others.
The severity of the fire is not only due to the burns caused by the flames, but also to the heat and smoke (gases) that put the health of people in the area at risk. Contact us for fire fighting safety course
For fire to occur, three elements are necessary that cause the emergence and maintenance of combustion, represented by the fire triangle. Are they:
Fuel: is the material that can combust, such as wood, paper, fabrics, some metals, etc.
Oxidizer: can be any substance capable of oxidizing a fuel in a rapid and exothermic reaction, such as oxygen, for example.
Ignition temperature: is the temperature that causes combustion, that is, the burning of the fuel.
Fuel and oxidizer are always together in nature, with only the existence of an ignition temperature required for combustion to occur.
These elements, together with the chain reaction, are what keep the flame burning and if one of them is removed the fire will go out.
Preventive measures against fires:
Fire prevention and combat measures are divided between actions to prevent the emergence of fire and actions to extinguish the fire, limiting its growth and spread between buildings.
Techniques also include precautions against structural collapse, safe evacuation of the building and carrying out combat and rescue operations quickly, efficiently and safely.
The main preventive measures are:
1 – Adoption of safety standards:
One of the first ways to prevent accidents is to construct buildings in accordance with safety laws and standards, among others.
Furthermore, each building must have a specific safety plan, with precautions that will prevent the occurrence of fire and control its intensity, risk, duration and severity if it occurs. Safety tips for Home
The standards vary according to the location, so it is essential to have a specialized team that meets the guidelines of the Legislation and Technical Instructions of the Fire Department.
2 – Correct storage of materials:
Flammable materials are one of the main causes of fire, whether due to inadequate storage or misuse that puts people around them at risk.
This happens because some highly flammable liquids and gases can leak and spread throughout the environment until they reach a combustion source, starting a fire.
Therefore, companies that deal with this type of material must have adequate planning, considering the risks of the space and applying measures to reduce them.
3 – Carrying out periodic inspections and maintenance:
Short circuits and inadequate electrical networks are among the main causes of fires, which is why prevention actions must include periodic maintenance of electrical installations, avoiding old, exposed wiring and overloaded networks, for example.
By establishing frequent checks and maintenance procedures, it is possible to carry out small repairs and keep materials always in good quality, which helps reduce the risk of fires.
4 – Employee awareness:
Often, employees may smoke near flammable materials storage stations, for example, simply due to lack of knowledge.
These everyday issues can cause major accidents that put people, buildings and the environment at risk.
To prevent fires, it is important to carry out awareness and training projects for employees, so that, if there is a fire, they can control the situation until the firefighters arrive.
Another important practice for the company’s safety is to implement the Accident Prevention Commission, which works to train professionals to manage risk situations.
5 – Fire detection and extinguishing systems:
Fire prevention also involves using the right resources to control the initial situation without generating major problems. Click Here for Advance fire fighting Course in UAE
These resources range from signposts, emergency exits and smoke detection alarms to fire extinguishers, hydrants and sprinklers, depending on the needs of each location.
In this sense, it is also essential to carry out periodic inspections and adequate maintenance of these materials, which must always be in perfect condition to function correctly in an emergency situation.
These measures are important in companies of different sizes and segments, which must develop a fire protection and fighting system according to the characteristics and needs of each building.